05 Aug 2023 @ 3:04 PM 

The Internet is an ever changing medium and this is of course one of the primary reasons for its huge popularity - Websites can be radically altered at the drop of a hat for a complete redesign or simply to include new or revised information. Whilst no one can argue that this is a predominantly good thing the fact that the old version of a website is quickly forgotten once updated is a cause for concern.

Hard copies of books and magazines cannot change and as long as they are stored safely you will always be able to dip back in time but once a website has been altered there usually is no looking back.

The well established Way Back Machine (www.archive.org) website sets to redress the balance by regularly storing copies of old websites so that at any point in the future you can look back at how a site used to be. Whilst not all sites are included in their database you will find that with hundreds of terabytes of storage space at their disposal that they do have most covered to a greater or lesser extent.

Primarily I have traditionally used this resource in the past just for killing a few minutes of time – it’s interesting to see how one of my sites used to look back in their infancy or indeed how one of the worlds biggest websites www.microsoft.com looked ten years ago. It’s simply a case of heading to archive.org, typing in the URL of the website that you want to see and providing they have it in their database you can select a date in time to travel back to.

Of course there are also more serious reasons for using the Way Back Machine than simply killing a few minutes of your time. One of the defining moments in this century was the tragic events of September 11th but everything that you read now is written in hindsight however the Way Back Machine makes vast collections of archived websites available from the actual day itself. This means in the future people will always be able to relive the events unfolding on the various news sites and bulletin boards as they happened rather than reading a synopsis of the catastrophe in a book or article. Whilst I don’t think such events make for pleasant reading it is important never to forget what happens in our past which is something that this website definitely helps to achieve.

On a lighter note the Way Back Machine has a ‘web pioneers’ section which charts the progress of sites that over time changed the face of the Internet. As well as providing a brief synopsis of the contribution a given site has made to the Web there is also a links to number of dates in time you can choose to visit.

Some users may just consider this site a bit of fun whereas others may spend hours using it to delve in to the past. Whichever way you decide to use this free resource no one can deny that it is helping to do the valuable job of storing the history of this quickly changing world we live in.

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Last Edit: 22 Dec 2023 @ 03 05 PM

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 29 Jul 2023 @ 3:04 PM 

Many times in the past I have been guilty of having a ‘do as I say and not as I do’ attitude and this is especially true when it comes to the subject of backing up. When I used to fix computers for a living whenever a hard drive issue was encountered I always said in my most patronising voice ‘I’m assuming that you keep a backup’ followed by a shocked look when they invariably said that they didn’t. Truth of the matter is that I have never kept a backup and so far have been so lucky in the fact that (touch wood) so far this hasn’t really caused any problems for me.

I am getting older and wiser however and so the time seems right for me to start taking precautions when it comes to protecting my data so this week I have invested in a huge great big hard drive to cover the network in our office. This drive actually connects directly to the network without having to be connected directly to a computer so it is perfect for storing in a safe place on site so any of our machines can be backed up at a given time.

Of course, the hardware is pretty useless without the appropriate software so after an exhaustive search I came across the free utility DriveImage XML which suited my needs perfectly. The program was so good that I thought it should be included in Click for those of you like me who have realised the error of their ways when it comes to neglecting their backup schedule.

DriveImage allows you to backup an entire hard drive or partition and turn it into a single image file which can then be copied across a network, stored on a second hard drive or even split over multiple CD’s/DVD’s although the latter I really would not recommend unless the volume of the data you are backing up is extremely small. When you click on backup you are presented with a simple step by step guide which makes backing up your hard drive extremely easy and once the process is complete you’ll have created two files – one containing the description of the backup and a much larger one containing the actual data.

Should you need to restore the back up DriveImage contains a utility which allows you to browse the image to extract individual files to a location of your choosing or alternatively a restore function that will guide you step by step in the process of putting every file back in to its original location.

A useful tool is the Drive to Drive facility which allows you to copy one hard drive to another quickly and easily - This is particularly useful if you choose to upgrade your existing hard drive and don’t want to start installing your software again from scratch. By using this function of the program you will be able to copy your Operating System, programs and files over in one fell swoop.

Whilst backing up isn’t for everybody there are businesses and individuals in the bay which would be severely hit should their hard drive crash or if their computer were destroyed or stolen - these are the people who should consider implementing a backup schedule immediately. DriveImage can be downloaded free of charge from www.runtime.org and the size of the download is a tiny 1.5mb so it is certainly worth trying out to see if it is for you. As to which media you choose to back up on I’ll leave that decision to you however I would recommend investing in an external hard drive due to the large sizes available and the fact that for security it can be kept in a different location to your actual computer.

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Last Edit: 22 Dec 2023 @ 03 04 PM

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 22 Jul 2023 @ 3:03 PM 

As you are no doubt aware the Internet is a huge place and with billions of pages at your disposal it can sometimes be a little tricky keeping up to date with the information that you require. Luckily a technology known as RSS (Really Simple Syndication) makes it easy to have the latest news and features delivered directly to you rather than you having to go searching for them. By using an RSS reader or compatible browser you can easily get the latest headlines and articles from your favourite sites delivered to you automatically.

Whilst not all websites provide RSS feeds the format is rapidly growing in popularity with many of the most popular news sites such as the BBC and Sky News supporting it. Potential uses for the technology have expanded from just offering users the headlines to now offering a whole range of subjects such as Job Openings, Auction items, MP3 releases, celeb information and so on.

There are plenty of ways to begin using RSS. One is to use a compatible browser (such as Firefox or Internet Explorer 7) and to be honest this would probably be my preferred method. If your current browser doesn’t support RSS try downloading the latest version of FireFox (www.firefox.com) or Opera (www.opera.com) as these include RSS as standard. When you find a site that supports RSS you simply click on a subscribe button from then on you will be kept up to date with the latest developments.

For those that don’t have a compatible browser and don’t fancy the idea of changing there are plenty of alternatives. One would be in add a third party piece of software or plug in to your current browser in order to make it compatible - a popular option for this would be the Google Toolbar which can be downloaded free of charge from toolbar.google.co.uk.

Alternatively there are plenty of dedicated RSS readers available for a range different Operating Systems. A quick search on the Internet will yield results for many different readers and you should possibly try using a couple of them to see which one you prefer but possibly a good place to start would be to visit www.rssreader.com to download a program which is both compact and best of all free of charge.

Before RSS was created there were several similar formats available however none of these achieved widespread popularity or indeed still in common use today. Netscape initially developed the RSS format but then lost interest in it which essentially left the technology without an owner resulting in several different off-shoots being created over the coming years. This means that several different formats exist however most RSS readers should be compatible with all the existing variants.

Another good feature of the RSS technology is that if you run your own website you can use an RSS feed to display the latest news from your favourite sources on your own site. This allows you to provide your visitors with relevant on topic news that is continuously updated which as well as potentially making your site more interesting also gives it the impression of being continuously updated which wouldn’t have been easily achieved prior to RSS.

Whilst RSS will not interest everybody I would certainly recommend those with an interest in current events to look in to this flexible and free technology.

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Last Edit: 22 Dec 2023 @ 03 04 PM

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 15 Jul 2023 @ 3:03 PM 

Last week we talked a little bit about Linux and I introduced you to a program called Slax which served the purpose of being a perfect introduction for those new to this Operating System. The big downside to Slax was that it wasn’t really designed for installing on to a hard drive and so didn’t really lend itself to being used as a long term alternative to Windows.

This week we’ll take a look at a Linux Operating System which is designed to be installed either as a direct replacement or installed permanently alongside the Microsoft offering going by the name of Kubuntu.

Because Kubuntu is based on the KDE graphical interface those of you that tried out Slax last week will find this variant of Linux extremely easy to get to grips with. Where it differs is that Kubuntu isn’t designed from the ground up to be easily portable and as such it comes bundled with more software and is also easily installable on your hard drive.

By heading to www.kubuntu.org you can download the 700mb package free of charge. This software can then be put on to a bootable CD so that your new Operating System can be tried out before you choose to continue with the installation. The problem here is that Kubuntu runs pretty slowly off of a CD so don’t let this put you off putting it on to your hard disk.

The first time I used Kubuntu it set up and installed pretty much all my hardware (with the exception of my printer) automatically without any intervention and I was up and running on the Internet immediately. This is pretty impressive when you compare it to the half hour installation routine that is involved when setting up Windows for the first time.

Included with the default installation is a range of tools for your graphics, multimedia and Internet applications as well as the extremely capable OpenOffice package which is used as a direct, free replacement for Microsoft Office. I have reviewed OpenOffice for Windows in the past and found it to be quite a capable package consisting of a Presentation, Spreadsheet, Database and Calculator utilities as well as a Word Processor. Of course if you need to use an application that isn’t included as part of the default installation this can be easily done by using the inbuilt add/remove programs manager. A bonus of using a Linux based Operating System is that pretty much all the software that you’ll ever obtain will be legally free of charge.

As mentioned at the beginning of this article the User Interface is based on KDE which is fairly similar to that of Windows and so most users shouldn’t have a problem finding their way around the basic functions of the Operating System. The system is relatively easy to use and when installed on the hard disk the performance is impressive especially when compared with Windows on lower specification hardware.

I’m certainly not suggesting that Linux is the ideal solution for everybody as to do so would be hypocritical as I personally still use Windows in my day to day life however Kubuntu is certainly worth looking in to especially if you have a lower hardware specification or resent having to pay every couple of years for the latest version of Windows.

Pretty much any variant of Linux is completely free of charge so you can download and experiment to find out which one suits you the best however the two versions Slax and Kubuntu I have reviewed are certainly good places to start.

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Last Edit: 22 Dec 2023 @ 03 03 PM

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 08 Jul 2023 @ 3:02 PM 
 

Slax

 

For a while now I’ve given readers free access to an archive of old Herald Express Click articles online at the website address www.computerarticles.co.uk. Last week we recently completed an entire redesign of the site and whilst adding some old articles it came to my attention that the last time I reviewed a Linux Operating System was way back in 2002. Obviously Linux is a very important and successful technology and so this week I thought was as good a time as any to correct the apparent lack of interest I have shown towards it.

I feel obliged to recap on what exactly Linux is because many of my readers may not yet be familiar with it. Put simply Linux is primarily considered an alternative to the Microsoft Windows Operating System as many users are not completely happy with the many offerings from Microsoft. The product is particularly popular with the Internet community as it is written in a way so that anybody can get hold of the code for free and modify it to correct any problems they may find which can then be put back into the public domain for others to use. This means that you can get hold of a stable and fast Operating System for very little or even no money.

A colleague recently told me about the free Slax Operating System whose unique selling point is that it’s compact enough to fit directly on to a USB pen drive meaning should you wish you could carry your preferred OS from computer to computer in your pocket. This is quite unique as traditionally an Operating System has to be installed before it is used – a process that usually takes around an hour to complete. With Slax you can just pop your USB drive in to a foreign machine and away you go – of course it can also boot off a CD-ROM or hard drive should you prefer.

When first run the software does have to set itself up to your specific hardware configuration as it needs to detect and install hardware specific to your machine. The process is quick and painless however and before too long you should have everything set up the way that you need. Once you’re in you’ll find the graphical interface pleasant and easy to use because as well as looking good it is well laid out hence making find your way around pretty effortless.

The basic applications required for office work, multimedia use and system configuration are all included as part of the download however there are hundreds of additional modules available free of charge from the Slax website. I’m not going to go in to listing specific applications as there are simply too many to list in this article however needless to say pretty much everything you need is included as part of the original distribution.

Whilst the program is extremely capable it is worthwhile bearing in mind that the hard drive installation utility provided is very limited as this particular variant of Linux is really designed more for running from portable media usually as an addition rather than a replacement to your current Operating System. I will take the opportunity over the coming weeks to check out another take on Linux for those that would prefer to set it up as the primary Operating System on their hard drive and are not so worried about portability.

All in all I think Slax showcases exactly what can be done when software isn’t bloated and over complicated like practically every version of Windows ever released seems to be. Even if just out of interest head to www.slax.org to download the software – you will want a broadband connection for this however as the standard download is a modest 200mb in size. Whether Linux is the future or not remains to be seen but for many good reasons it looks like it’s here to stay for the considerable future.

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Last Edit: 29 Dec 2023 @ 03 41 PM

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 01 Jul 2023 @ 3:01 PM 

Several pieces of software came to my attention just recently; all four of them published by the practically unheard of ‘Fresh Devices’ company and available completely free of charge from www.freshdevices.com. I spent an hour this afternoon trying them out and thought they were worthy of inclusion in Click.

Fresh Download

Fresh Download is a download manager that replaces the bog standard file downloader built in to your existing browser. It supports opening multiple connections to decrease download times off slower websites, includes the ability to pause downloads as well as resuming those that failed part way through. The program is easy to use and can be integrated with either Internet Explorer, Firefox, Opera and many other browsers that work in any version of the Windows Operating System.

Fresh Diagnose

Fresh Diagnose is used to analyze and benchmark many kinds of different hardware in your machine in order to gain more information about a specific component or to measure its speed. Benchmarks can be performed on practically any part of your system such as your processor, hard disk, memory or alternatively it can be used to give you an overall impression as to how fast your computer is running and how this compares against other machines.

Fresh UI

Fresh UI is a tool designed to configure and optimise Windows. Once you’ve installed the software you will be able to change hundreds of hidden settings not usually accessible from within Windows itself from within what looks like a simplified version of Windows Explorer. You’re offered a variety of areas of the system that you would like to alter which include Applications, Explorer, Hardware, Windows System, Windows Interface and Covering Your Track. Within each of these categories are a huge number of different settings that can be easily changed to suit your personal preferences.

The majority of settings you’ll probably want to leave at the default settings but I can guarantee that everyone will have one little grumble with Windows that they would change if they had this utility installed on their machines.

Fresh View

Fresh View is a utility which allows you to organise and view images, audio and video present on your system - you can use it to listen to music or to view pictures and movies saved in practically any format. There are dozens of other programs that perform this function at least as well as Fresh View it is still worth a look due to its small file size and simplistic interface.

I’ll be honest with you in saying that none of these programs are going to change the world and for the most part each one of these utilities covers ground that has been walked a thousand times before. Having said that however I would still urge you to give them a go as each utility is well designed, easy to use, small in size and accomplishes exactly what it says on the tin – nothing more, nothing less.

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Last Edit: 22 Dec 2023 @ 03 02 PM

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 24 Jun 2023 @ 3:00 PM 

One would have thought that there was only a limited amount that could be done with an Internet browser but yet another alternative to Internet Explorer has just hit the market going under the name of Opera 9. Whilst not technically groundbreaking this new browser does offer a number of unique features that are not currently found in any other application which is why I thought it was worthy of inclusion in Click.

BitTorrent support: Opera 9 is the first mainstream browser to integrate BitTorrent support without any additional software. BitTorrent is a technology that uses distributed file networks to share large files such as movies over the Internet quickly and easily. Because you can download these files from multiple sources simultaneously it dramatically reduces your download times if used on a decent speed broadband connection.

Widgets: Opera 9 embraces AJAX technology by providing support for widgets which are tiny little programs with specific functionality. These small applications can include newsfeeds, games, multimedia applications and so forth. Time will tell quite how useful this feature will be in the long run. To download new widgets just visit widgets.opera.com.

The remaining features of the browser are pretty much standard to those used to using Firefox although current Internet Explorer users will still be in for a treat if they choose to upgrade as many of these features aren’t standard in IE.

Customisable search engine: Opera allows you to choose your default search engine should you choose to make a search directly from the browser itself.

Thumbnail Preview images: As well as including the fast becoming industry standard tabbed browsing Opera generates a preview image of all open tabs so that it’s easier to decide which one you want to switch to.

Pop-up blocker: Again, whilst this is pretty much standard in a browser nowadays Opera goes a little bit further by improving it to stop pretty much all intrusive content no matter how creative the advertiser is.

Site Specific Security – Opera can assign different security levels to different sites that you visit – Could be helpful to the slightly paranoid users out there but most home users probably won’t even touch this feature.

Using the browser is made slightly more unique in Opera thanks to features such as mouse gestures which allow you to navigate just by moving the mouse in a certain way, new keyboard shortcuts and voice control to access commonly used features in the browser.

As expected there is also a file transfer monitor and a password manager as well as the mandatory Opera mail, IRC chat client. The browser is extremely secure when compared with the likes of Internet Explorer which is an important consideration nowadays.

To summerise, Opera is an extremely competent browser and as well as being completely free of charge is only 4.6mb in size to download from www.opera.com. Whilst it is unlikely to win away many people currently using Firefox that doesn’t mean that it is any worse and those still using the hopelessly outdated Internet Explorer 6 should really consider giving Opera a try.

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Last Edit: 22 Dec 2023 @ 03 01 PM

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 17 Jun 2023 @ 2:59 PM 

My partner has recently decided that it is a good idea if we start redecorating and redesigning my house however unfortunately it looks like a large number of our plans will consist of taking a sledgehammer to the interior walls of the building. I really do have very limited skills when it comes to DIY so I won’t be undertaking this myself however I would like to see how our plans will look before any work takes place which was why I was interested when I heard about a free program by Google called ‘SketchUp’

I know that you’re probably bored of me talking about software provided by Google but it really does seem that a large amount of the good quality free software out there at the moment is produced by this one company. I’ll be honest in saying that I don’t understand their business strategy as you’d have thought a company making billions from search engines wouldn’t concentrate on developing free software but I don’t think any of us are complaining.

SketchUp is a 3D modelling application that allows you to mock up pretty much any object from a football to an entire house. The software itself is a rather modest 19mb in size so on a broadband connection you should be able to download and install it in less than 10 minutes.

Most 3D software is fairly complicated for the newbie to use – I’ve tried my hand at it several times and have always given up within an hour or so. Google SketchUp is a little different – just by finishing the short tutorials that come bundled with the program you will immediately have a fair idea of what you’re doing. The program uses a fairly minimalist approach when it comes to the user interface which leaves maximum room available for the canvas area however if you don’t mind cluttering your view and wish to add additional toolbars this is of course possible.

To start drawing simply use the mouse to draw a two dimensional shape and then select the push/pull tool to extend the shape into the third dimension and once you’ve created your shape it can be painted or have a material effect added to it. For example if drawing a house you could dip into the materials palette to quickly and easily add effects such as sandstone bricks and a green grass garden. Additionally artwork can be easily imported from other applications and SketchUp will automatically change the perspective to suit your model.

As you would expect shadows can be added to all objects and a nice additional touch is that you can set the time of day and the month of the year to project realistic shadows based on these options.

Once you’ve finished creating your scene an accurate render of it can be viewed using the free Google Earth application or alternatively you can upload and share your model with other users via the free storage space provided by the associated ‘3D Warehouse’ website.

If you need further help using SketchUp there is an animated instructor panel present within the application and additionally the support website includes a searchable knowledge base, FAQ section and an e-mail support link.

Should you have a pressing need to design a new project on paper before beginning it in reality or simply fancy dabbling in learning how to use 3D software head to https://sketchup.google.com. To summerise, the simplicity of Google SketchUp lends itself to the novice user and the fact it is free of charge makes this an incredible application.

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Last Edit: 22 Dec 2023 @ 03 00 PM

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 10 Jun 2023 @ 2:59 PM 

This week has been pretty hectic for me, so for todays Click article I’m going to hand over to my most avid contributor, Ian McMillan, for a few updates on the IT industry as he sees it.

One of the biggest stories in the computer world recently has been the fuss that is being made over Google’s plans to introduce an online storage scheme. The media pounced on this story after notes from a Google company meeting were inadvertently published on the internet, see https://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/technology/4782108.stm. The only actual surprise here is that such a fuss has been made - there is currently no shortage of online storage facilities, with Streamload (www.streamload.com) being a popular free service with paid upgrades. The fuss may be due to Google’s size and the fact that it already has encyclopaedic knowledge about its users’ computer habits.

In the news as well lately comes the revelation that many people now spend more time online than they do watching the television, see https://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/business/4784518.stm. This fits me to a tee since I spend very little time watching Coronation Street compared with using my broadband connection!

Also from BBC news, an old e-mail hoax has resurfaced. There have been rumours that free webmail services like Hotmail and Yahoo! are about to stop being free and start charging a fee for their services, see https://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/business/4778046.stm. There is a bit of truth in this, as there are plans to introduce “premium” e-mail services which guarantee rapid delivery and a receipt confirmation. This could indeed be useful for business users who do not want their inboxes to be bogged down with adverts for fake Viagra and get rich quick schemes. However, free webmail supported by advertising looks completely safe for the time being.

A big row has broken out over Microsoft’s decision to include support for Adobe’s PDF (Portable Document Format) format in Office 2007. It looks like Office 2007 will not have PDF saving included in its default options due to licensing issues, but there are a couple of free alternatives anyway. OpenOffice, which Chris reviewed some time back, allows documents to be saved in PDF format as one of its default options and has done for some time. Also, a piece of freeware called PrimoPDF at https://www.primopdf.com allows any printable document to be saved in PDF format. There are various other “free” PDF converters that contain watermarks and advertisements, but PrimoPDF has neither and is completely free.

Recently the BBC did a feature on the security of information stored in USB memory sticks and similar devices. This is undoubtedly more of a problem now that external memory is so popular, and people should think carefully before placing confidential material on removable media as they are often lost or stolen. There are, however, several ways to make removable media more secure. One is to use a password protected ZIP or RAR file, and another is to use standalone encryption software. There is unfortunately a lack of really good free encryption software available for download, but give Remora USB Disk Guard a go by heading to https://www.richskills.com/products/7/freeversion.asp. This is a free demo version which can encrypt files of unlimited size, but the interface is a bit basic.

A quick news note is that Windows Vista is now scheduled for launch in early 2007 having been originally scheduled for September 2006 and then Christmas 2006.

Ian MacMillan, via e-mail.

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Last Edit: 22 Dec 2023 @ 02 59 PM

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 03 Jun 2023 @ 2:58 PM 

This week I’ll once again take the time to answer a question recently sent to me by a Click reader.

I’m a student doing art studies and also a regular reader of your column ‘Click’ in the Heard Express. To assist me with my course I’m currently looking for a good quality colouring program that I can download for free. Whilst I have downloaded programs in the past which were excellent they are all limited by 30 day trials and as a schoolgirl I don’t have enough money to buy to buy the full versions.

I was wondering if you would be able to recommend a good program that is available free of charge?

Lisa Penny, Torquay

When you say ‘colouring program’ I’m assuming that you’re after a drawing package which is capable of handling basic functions such as line, text and fill tools as well as more advanced features such as layering and if this is the case then there are two programs that I can confidently recommend. They are both completely free of charge and are very compact in size which will result in you having to spend little time on the Internet downloading them.

The first application goes under the name of GIMP (GNU Image Manipulation Program) which I actually reviewed a couple of months back so won’t go into great detail here but to summerise my previous review, GIMP is quite a capable drawing program which is completely free of charge. It can be easily downloaded by heading to https://gimp-win.sourceforge.net/stable.html and remember that if you do happen to miss any of my Click articles they can always be read online at www.computerarticles.co.uk

An alternative I discovered just recently is Inkscape which again can be downloaded free of charge from www.inkscape.org. The application, like GIMP is open source meaning that members of the public rather than big companies are responsible for its development and for adding new features

The first thing that you notice about Inkscape is the user interface which is very well laid out making the program extremely easy to use. When you first start up the program it looks very much different to the standard Windows application with many icons unique to Inkscape and they are used to great effect to clearly indicate their respective functions and the relation to similar functions present in the application. The user interface also relies a great deal on you learning keyboard and mouse combinations which whilst making the process of using the application faster also results in a fairly steep learning curve.

If we look at the features of the application they include shapes, paths, text, markers, clones, alpha blending, transforms, gradients, patterns, and grouping. Whilst these are all fairly basic functions which are standard on most drawing applications, Inkscape sets itself apart from the competition by making them very easy to use and manipulate.

Inkscape is currently running at revision 0.43 and as this version number suggests is very much a work in progress application but nevertheless it is very capable and of course completely free of charge. Both applications I have mentioned here are extremely competent and as I am reluctant to recommend one over the other I would recommend that readers who have an interest in drawing should download them both and then pick the one that suits their particular needs best.

Categories: Articles Posted By: admin
Last Edit: 22 Dec 2023 @ 02 59 PM

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